The noted historian, Sir Jadunath Sircar, has, in a paper entitled ‘Islam in India’, enumerated ten gifts, which, according to him, the Muslims conferred on India. Some of these we have already discussed in this blog; the gifts are as follows:
- The establishment of contact with the outside world
- Concept of divine unity (belief in only one God)
- Concept of equality and brotherhood (no caste system & untouchability)
- Rights of women and other social reforms
- Introdcution of new branches of learning in India
- Political unity and uniformity of culture and dress specially in the upper classes
- A common official language and an easy, simple style of prose in the evolution of which both the Hindus and Muslims have taken part
- The promotion of regional languages under the aegis of the Central Government so that there may ensue general peace and contentment and equal opportunities for literary and cultural advancement may be made available to all
- The revival of maritime trade which was originally in the hands of the people of South but had been lying suspended for a long time
- The formation of the Indian navy
P.S. The article has been created from the works of great Islamic scholar Maulana Syed Abul Hasan Ali Nadwi (Ali Miyan).
The Muslims brought to India a new system of medicine, the Unani system—which, before the dawn of modern medicine, was universally recognized as the most advanced and scientific system for the treatment of diseases. During their hey-days, the countries of Iraq, Iran and Turkestan were the most important centers of the Unani system of medicine in the world, and it was there that its greatest exponents and practitioners were born during the medieval age. After the establishment of Muslim power in India, and encouraged by the generous patronage the Muslim rulers extended to men of learning and ability, a steady stream of outstanding masters of the system poured into the country for a period stretching over five hundred years. Due to the priceless services rendered by these worthy men and their pupils—their spirit of dedication and high proficiency—the Unani system touched its peak in India. The indigenous systems (Ayurveda) faded into insignificance before the Unani system. No city or town was left without a practitioner of the Unani school. This system was cheap, simple, and in harmony with the Indian climatic and temperamental conditions. So it spread in India very quickly and did a wonderful service to the people, composed as they were mainly of the poorer classes. The Indian physicians, by their contribution, lent further glory to it. During the declining phase of Muslim rule, Delhi and Lucknow were its two major strongholds and now India remains the only country where this system is still in vogue.