Muslim’s Gift to India: The Concept of Divine Unity

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When Muslims came to India they brought with them many priceless gifts and virtues to India. The most valuable of these gifts was the sovereign and unalloyed Islamic concept of Divinity, which in one stroke, dispensed with all intermediaries between man and the Creator in respect of prayer and supplication. There is emphatically no place in the Islamic creed for beliefs like Polytheism, Incarnation of God and ‘the merging of man in the Almighty and becoming one with Him’. Islam declares, plainly and once for all, the Sovereignty and Absolute Oneness of the Divine Being— One and Everlasting—Who beget not nor is He begotten, and nor does He take partners in the discharge of the functions of Divinity; the creation, the sustenance, the management and the ownership of the universe lie in His hands alone. It was but natural for a belief like this to make a powerful impact on the Indian mind out of touch as it had been with pure monotheistic doctrine for hundreds of years. Says: Prof. K. M. Panikkar,

“One thing is clear. Islam had a profound effect on Hinduism during this period. Medieval theism is in some ways a reply to the attack of Islam and the doctrines of medieval teachers by whatever names their gods arc known are essentially theistic. It is the one supreme God that is the object of the devotee’s adoration and it is to His grace that we are asked to look for redemption.”1

  1. Panikkar, K. M. : A Survey of Indian History (1947), p. 163

P.S. The article has been created from the works of great Islamic scholar Maulana Syed Abul Hasan Ali Nadwi (Ali Miyan)

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