Who Saved Islamic Beliefs from Corruption During 17th Century in India

Mujaddid Alf i Saani

Owing to various natural and historical factors, India had come to be the nerve-centre of religious and spiritual correction and reform during the declining phase of Islamic supremacy. Proselytizing and reformationist activities made such an advance in India that many other countries were also influenced by them. Religious preachers and renovators were born here who on the strength of their earnestness, learning and popularity, the effectiveness of their appeal and the great number of people who profited by their efforts and by their natural harmony with the real spirit of Islam and its call constituted the choicest examples of Islamic missionaries and reformers.

The most elevated among these religious guides and redeemers was Sheikh Ahmad Sirhindi (d. 1624) upon whom men of vision and understanding have conferred the title of Mujaddid Alf-i-Sani (the Renovator of the Second Millennium). It was he who;

  1. Renewed and strengthened the bond of Indian Muslims with Islam
  2. Saved the Shariat from being corrupted by innovations and the apostasy of the extremist Sufis, as they were openly inclined towards the pantheistic doctrine of Wahdat-ul-Wajood (God is everything and everything is God).
  3. It was he again, who rescued the Mughal Empire from the whirlpool of irreligiousness it had got caught into.
  4. Put a check on the highly dangerous movement for the unity and amalgamation of faiths (Deen-i-Ilaahi)
  5. Put a check on the revival of Brahmanism.
  6. The great devotee of Allah and indefatigable crusader in His cause, Aurangzeb, too, was a product of his mighty struggle.

The Sufistic Order founded by him still endures, besides India, in countries like Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Kurdistan and Syria.The popularity this Order acquired through the efforts of his disciple, Allama Khalid Shahrazori Kurdi (d. 1826) in Arabia, Kurdistan, Syria and Turkey has not come by the way of any other Sufi System1

1. Usman-us-Sanad: Asfat Mawared fi Tarjuma Hazrat Saiyyadna Khalid, and Mohammad Amin Ibn Omar Abideen: Sallul Husam-il-Hindi Le Nusrat-i Maulana Khalid Naqshbandi

P.S. The article has been created from the works of great Islamic scholar Maulana Syed Abul Hasan Ali Nadwi (Ali Miyan).

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What Muslim World Lost and India Gained During Tartar Invasion

Tartar invasion

A sort of intellectual stagnation had come over the Muslim World after the Mongol invasion. Minds had become sterile and blindly imitative. Intellectual activity was brought almost to a standstill. The picture of degeneration became complete with the approach of the 14th century when lethargy and inertia crept also into the other branches of life. With a few exceptions, like Ibn-i-Khaldun, the Islamic World could not produce anyone during the period under review who was above the general level of mediocrity.

But India, on account of its physical remoteness from the scene, managed comparatively to escape from the ravages of the decay. The Tartars who had descended upon the World of Islam like a terrible scourge, spelling ruin and destruction wherever they went, could not spread their tentacles fully over India because of its geographical isolation. Consequently, a major proportion of the finest brains of the Muslim World had sought safety by migrating to India and settling down here as permanent citizens. Because of them intellectual activity here was kept going for a considerable length of time, brisk endeavors continued to be in evidence in the literary field, and men of learning and wisdom did not cease to come forward who can rightfully be ranked among the foremost thinkers and scholars of Islam.

One discovers, for example, in the writings of Sheikh Sharafuddin Yahya Maneri (d. 1370), Sheikh-ul-Islam Shah Waliullah Dehlavi (d. 1762), Shah Rafiuddin Dehlavi (d. 1817) and Shah Ismail Shaheed Dehlavi (d. 1830) new literary values and original modes of thinking that are generally absent from the works of their contemporaries in the other parts of the Muslim World.

The Indian Muslims have during all the stages of their career produced such exalted personalities as have been the envy of the world. Even under the British regime, where a deliberate policy was pursued to liquidate them intellectually and economically,1 they did not stop sending forth eminent legislators, administrators, mathematicians and educationists and such brilliant masters of the English language whose proficiency and skill was acknowledged by Englishmen themselves.

 

1. Hunter, W.W. : Indian Musalmans

P.S. The article has been created from the works of great Islamic scholar Maulana Syed Abul Hasan Ali Nadwi (Ali Miyan).

Why British Historian Stanley Lane-Poole Accepts There is No One Like Muhammad ﷺ Before or After

Stanley Lane-Poole

Lane Poole (1854–1931) a well known  British scholar, archaeologist and historian writes about personality of Prophet Muhammad:

“He was the Messenger of the One True God: And never to his life’s end did he forget for a moment who he was! He was one of those happy few who have attained the supreme joy of making one great truth their very life-spring. Mohammad was an enthusiast in the noblest sense.1

He also says:

He was the most faithful protector of those he protected, the sweetest and most agreeable in conversation. Those who saw him were suddenly filled with reverence; those who came near him loved him; they who described him would say, “I have never seen his like either before or after.” He was of great taciturnity, but when he spoke it was with emphasis and deliberation, and no one could forget what he said2

1.  Stanley Lane Poole, Memoirs

2. Lane-Poole, Speeches and Table Talk of the Prophet Muhammad

How Famous British Historian Stanley Lane-Poole Burns the Allegation, “Islam was Spread by Sword”

Stanley Lane-Poole

Lane Poole (1854–1931) is a well known  British scholar, archaeologist and historian writes about Influence of Islam:

Why have so many millions embraced the religion of Islam and scarcely a hundred ever recanted? Some have attempted to explain the first overwhelming success of Islam by the argument of the Sword. They forget Carlyle’s laconic reply. First get your sword. You must win men’s hearts before you can induce them to imperil their lives for you.”1

1. Studies in a Mosque, Stanley Lane-Poole, pp.86-89

 

Why Mahatma Gandhi was Sorry when He Couldn’t Read More About Prophet Muhammad ﷺ

Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi (1869-1948), the renowned nationalist Leader of India, writes about Prophet Muhammad;

I wanted to know the best of the life of one who holds today undisputed sway over the hearts of millions of mankind. I became more than ever convinced that it was not the sword that won a place for Islam in those days in the scheme of life. It was rigid simplicity, the utter self-effacement of the Prophet, the scrupulous regard for pledges, his intense devotion to his friends and followers, his intrepidity, his fearlessness, his absolute trust in God and in his own mission. Those and not the sword carried everything before them and surmounted every obstacle. When I closed the second volume (of the Prophet’s biography), I was sorry there was not more for me to read of that great life1

1. Mahatma Gandhi: Young India, Lahore, September 16, 1924

Why Information on Muhammad is Much More Reliable than of Jesus according to Oxford Prof. Karen Armstrong

Karen Armstrong

Karen Armstrong born in 1944 is a former nun of the Catholic Church. She is Professor of comparative study of religions in Oxford. Recently in her well-written and well-researched book, Muhammad, A Biography of the Prophet, comparing the life of the Jesus and Muhammad, peace be upon them both, she writes;

In contrast to Muhammad, we know very little about Jesus. The earliest Christian writer was St. Paul, who dispatched his first epistle some twenty years after Jesus’ death. Paul, however, had no interest in Christ’s earthly life but concentrated almost entirely on the spiritual meaning of his death and resurrection. Later, in the gospels, the evangels drew on the oral tradition which dwelt more than he on Jesus’ life in Palestine and recorded his words. Mark, he first, wrote about forty years after Jesus’ death in the seventies; Mathew and Luke wrote during the eighties and John in about 100 CE. But these gospel accounts are quite different form the early biographies of Muhammad by the Arab historians……….. Muslims have evolved a symbolic devotion to Muhammad, but indeed he is a very human figure in the early histories. Muhammad is more like the colourful figures of the Jewish scriptures – Moses, David, Solomon, Elijah or Isaiah.”1

Muhammad, A Biography of the Prophet, page 51.

Why Muhammad is a Much Better Educator than Modern Reformers According to British Author Meredith Townsend

Meredith Townsend

Meredith Townsend, a prominent British author of the mid to late 1800’s, writes in his book Mahommed the Great Arabian:

Muhammad was a more thorough educator than the modern reformers whose libertarian teachings during the inter-war period in Europe could not measure up to the task of preventing tyranny and war.

He further writes:

….Under Muhammad….there sprang up ex necessitate rei a form of democratic equality more absolute than any the world has elsewhere.”